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Forget Consumer IoT—Industrial IoT Will Be The Revolution

Danielle Beurteaux

Recent big news in the IoT-sphere isn’t about intelligent toasters or sentient vacuum cleaners. It’s about the Industrial Internet of Things, which is about to blow us out of the water. Tom  Siebel, founder of Siebel Systems, recently renamed his latest company C3 IoT (previously known as C3, the firm focused on energy), with a broadened aim to provide enterprise-level software to a broader range of industries, from utilities to aerospace.

Computer maker Dell also recently launched an industrial IoT environment PC, and GE and Tata Consultancy Services partnered and will start off with GE’s industrial cloud, Predix, which GE launched last summer.

Research from Accenture claims that IIoT could increase GDPs in 20 economies by a total of $10.6 trillion by the year 2030 . That’s based on current IIoT investment trends; with more investment, the potential growth is even greater.

A white paper by IDC and sponsored by SAP, “IoT and Digital Transformation: A Tale of Four Industries,” looked at manufacturing, healthcare, retail, and consumer products and found that “business benefits from IIoT will be realized at different speeds and on different scales.”

They’re calling it Industrie 4.0 in Germany, but regardless of the name, getting from where we are today to a future of ubiquitous IIoT has some hurdles, according to Kai Goerlich, idea director of thought leadership at SAP. Will we be ready?

SAP: How will we make a living?

KG: The last digitization was largely driven by telecommunications. We could view mobility as the first wave of IoT. The difference now is the mobility connected people, and IoT is connecting everything into a large grid, mesh, whatever you want to call it. The danger is job loss. The World Economic Forum had a graph; in highly automated countries, job loss won’t be that high, about a 10% risk. But the U.S. has a 30 % risk. The U.S. is still relatively service heavy with many people in functions as compared to Germany, which has already automated a lot.

IIoT, or Industrie 4.0, in my opinion will lead to a total redefinition of how markets run and economic production without humans. Automation poses the risk that we automate so fast that society can’t adapt. It took us 60 years from the 40’s and 50’s to fully automate operations, and now within 20 years, we have the Internet and mobile. It’s really a very fast speed; within a short lifetime two or three revolutions and our systems are not fast enough to react to it.

SAP: Will business models change?

KG: IIoT is a big game changer for business models. We’re taking out some of the in-between process in the value chain with direct one-to-one consumer sales. The old economy was run on the old sequential value chain. Digitization completely wiped out the value chain.

SAP: How important are data and interoperability?

KG: On the good side, with more sensors in all devices, we could make more sense out of the world. If we can exchange data, have more data points, our picture of the world may be more real time and realistic than in the past. That needs interoperability—make things work together and data exchange and create insights.

The real money is where data is, you can already see this happening. All use cases are basically on the data level. It will be totally ambient; in 20 years everything will talk to us. IoT was invented around 2000, but it won’t be used for much longer. Industries are already defining it differently—remote maintenance, connected, etc.

IIoT will digitize physical assets and make everything connected. Estimates put savings at 50% of fixed assets costs, that’s a big sum. If you just take the top 10 companies in each industry, there’s a lot of money in it. A lot of savings in sharing products and lifecycle maintenance.

For more insight on how IoT is impacting real-world businesses, see The Internet Of Things And Digital Transformation: A Tale Of Four Industries.

 

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A Matter Of Digital Trust: Understand Your Security Risks And Fix Them Now

Deepak Krishnamurthy, Justin Somaini, and Ryan VanDyk

It’s clear that digital technology offers a unique opportunity to reimagine everything about our world. Smart machines are getting smarter. Billions of people around the world are connected socially, collectively, and digitally. And all of this is generating a nearly immeasurable amount of information that’s driving intelligent decision making, better customer experiences, life-changing innovation, and more responsible operations.

While these advancements are truly transformational, they also bring heightened security risk. As the volume of generated information grows with every digital interaction, so does the opportunity to hack into enterprise systems and wrongfully access data. And when you consider the 2020 promise of 2.5 billion consumers active on social networks, 75 billion connected devices used, and $65 trillion in global trade among and between connected businesses, there’s a lot at stake.

The changing nature of cybersecurity

Luckily, companies are starting to change their tune from “it won’t happen to us” to “we need to act now.” Earlier this year, ISACA reported that 74% of respondents expect to fall prey to an attack this year. And the SANS Institute confirmed this rising concern by revealing a 50% increase in IT security spend between 2014 and 2016.

Why the shift in mindset? It’s a matter of economics and opportunity:

  • Data is more valuable. As brands reinvent their business models, embed software in physical products, and focus on outcomes, the threat of a breach can be damaging – if not deadly – to their reputation.
  • Data volume is multiplying exponentially. Companies are awash with data. For hackers targeting enterprise data, this only means that their attack surface is only getting bigger.
  • Hybrid ways lead to more vulnerable endpoints. No longer contained within the four walls of an enterprise, valuable data is now stored, accessed, and modified across hybrid infrastructures. As more devices and connection are injected into the ecosystem, security risk escalates.

While the widespread adoption of digital technology may have intensified security risks, it can also make it more difficult for hackers to succeed. Machine learning and deep learning can fuel cybersecurity analytics to detect and respond to a cyber attack before it impacts the business and its customers. Plus, the introduction of next-generation context and application-aware firewalls are enhancing protection and performance of business applications. Simultaneously, real-time incident response and forensics can accelerate detection and limit the impact of a breach.

From reactive to proactive: It’s time to change your approach

Traditional firewalls, perimeter barricades, and reactive responses are no longer enough to protect your data and business systems. To respond to these new and persistent threats, organizations need to shift from a reactive, threat-oriented view to a more proactive, predictive approach. As hackers mature in sophistication and data becomes more ubiquitous, 360-degree analytics across networks, applications, and data – from the digital core to the edge – will emerge as the new mandate.

Discover how SAP can help secure your business. Read the white paper Securing Your Business.”

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The Internet of Things: Turning $3 Lightbulbs Into A $60 Billion Opportunity

Shelly Dutton

Over the past year, we’ve seen IoT-enabled innovations enter our homes, cars, phones, and air space – and even appear on our bodies. Will they make our lives safer, simpler, healthier, and more environmentally responsible? Only time will tell. But on rare occasions, an innovation comes along that can transform our world right before our eyes.

This is the case for Koninklijke Philips N.V., one of the world’s largest manufacturers of lighting. During his SAPPHIRE NOW session, “Find Out How Philips Used IoT Strategies to Unlock the $60B Connected Lighting Market,” Vasanth Philomen, public segment leader at Philips Lighting, observed, “This was just an idea three-and-a-half years ago. When you take a look at your innovation from the perspective of the customer, you can achieve a lot in a short amount of time.”

What was this idea? It was a reimagined commodity that we all rely on, opening the door to a $60 billion market opportunity. Philips is refurbishing streetlights, parks, bus stops, buildings, and bridges around the world with LED lightbulbs. But these are not just standard $3 lightbulbs – they’re connected and controlled through a remote management system.

Cities can now keep their residents safer by monitoring storm drains during heavy rains. They can even adjust lighting levels to strike a balance between public safety and costs related to energy consumption and maintenance. More important, they’re making the world safer, brighter, and a little more beautiful.

Watch this replay of the SAPPHIRE NOW session “Find Out How Philips Used IoT Strategies to Unlock the $60B Connected Lighting Market” to learn how the company is setting the stage for the connected lightbulb market while helping cities and towns benefit from digital transformation.

SAPPHIRE NOW + ASUG 2016 is over, but you can still watch on-demand replays of keynotes, strategic sessions, press conferences, and more from the event on-demand.

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Unlock Your Digital Super Powers: How Digitization Helps Companies Be Live Businesses

Erik Marcade and Fawn Fitter

The Port of Hamburg handles 9 million cargo containers a year, making it one of the world’s busiest container ports. According to the Hamburg Port Authority (HPA), that volume doubled in the last decade, and it’s expected to at least double again in the next decade—but there’s no room to build new roads in the center of Hamburg, one of Germany’s historic cities. The port needed a way to move more freight more efficiently with the physical infrastructure it already has.

sap_Q216_digital_double_feature1_images1The answer, according to an article on ZDNet, was to digitize the processes of managing traffic into, within, and back out of the port. By deploying a combination of sensors, telematics systems, smart algorithms, and cloud data processing, the Port of Hamburg now collects and analyzes a vast amount of data about ship arrivals and delays, parking availability, ground traffic, active roadwork, and more. It generates a continuously updated model of current port conditions, then pushes the results through mobile apps to truck drivers, letting them know exactly when ships are ready to drop off or receive containers and optimizing their routes. According to the HPA, they are now on track to handle 25 million cargo containers a year by 2025 without further congestion or construction, helping shipping companies bring more goods and raw materials in less time to businesses and consumers all across Europe.

In the past, the port could only have solved its problem with backhoes and building permits—which, given the physical constraints, means the problem would have been unsolvable. Today, though, software and sensors are allowing it to improve processes and operations to a previously impossible extent. Big Data analysis, data mining, machine learning, artificial intelligence (AI), and other technologies have finally become sophisticated enough to identify patterns not just in terabytes but in petabytes of data, make decisions accordingly, and learn from the results, all in seconds. These technologies make it possible to digitize all kinds of business processes, helping organizations become more responsive to changing market conditions and more able to customize interactions to individual customer needs. Digitization also streamlines and automates these processes, freeing employees to focus on tasks that require a human touch, like developing innovative strategies or navigating office politics.

In short, digitizing business processes is key to ensuring that the business can deliver relevant, personalized responses to the market in real time. And that, in turn, is the foundation of the Live Business—a business able to coordinate multiple functions in order to respond to and even anticipate customer demand at any moment.

Some industries and organizations are on the verge of discovering how business process digitization can help them go live. Others have already started putting it into action: fine-tuning operations to an unprecedented level across departments and at every point in the supply chain, cutting costs while turbocharging productivity, and spotting trends and making decisions at speeds that can only be called superhuman.

Balancing Insight and Action

sap_Q216_digital_double_feature1_images2Two kinds of algorithms drive process digitization, says Chandran Saravana, senior director of advanced analytics at SAP. Edge algorithms operate at the point where customers or other end users interact directly with a sensor, application, or Internet-enabled device. These algorithms, such as speech or image recognition, focus on simplicity and accuracy. They make decisions based primarily on their ability to interpret input with precision and then deliver a result in real time.

Edge algorithms work in tandem with, and sometimes mature into, server-level algorithms, which report on both the results of data analysis and the analytical process itself. For example, the complex systems that generate credit scores assess how creditworthy an individual is, but they also explain to both the lender and the credit applicant why a score is low or high, what factors went into calculating it, and what an applicant can do to raise the score in the future. These server-based algorithms gather data from edge algorithms, learn from their own results, and become more accurate through continuous feedback. The business can then track the results over time to understand how well the digitized process is performing and how to improve it.

sap_Q216_digital_double_feature1_images5From Data Scarcity to a Glut

To operate in real time, businesses need an accurate data model that compares what’s already known about a situation to what’s happened in similar situations in the past to reach a lightning-fast conclusion about what’s most likely to happen next. The greatest barrier to this level of responsiveness used to be a lack of data, but the exponential growth of data volumes in the last decade has flipped this problem on its head. Today, the big challenge for companies is having too much data and not enough time or power to process it, says Saravana.

Even the smartest human is incapable of gathering all the data about a given situation, never mind considering all the possible outcomes. Nor can a human mind reach conclusions at the speed necessary to drive Live Business. On the other hand, carefully crafted algorithms can process terabytes or even petabytes of data, analyze patterns and detect outliers, arrive at a decision in seconds or less—and even learn from their mistakes (see How to Train Your Algorithm).

How to Train Your Algorithm 

The data that feeds process digitization can’t just simmer.
It needs constant stirring.

Successfully digitizing a business process requires you to build a model of the business process based on existing data. For example, a bank creates a customer record that includes not just the customer’s name, address, and date of birth but also the amount and date of the first deposit, the type of account, and so forth. Over time, as the customer develops a history with the bank and the bank introduces new products and services, customer records expand to include more data. Predictive analytics can then extrapolate from these records to reach conclusions about new customers, such as calculating the likelihood that someone who just opened a money market account with a large balance will apply for a mortgage in the next year.

Germany --- Germany, Lower Bavaria, Man training English Springer Spaniel in grass field --- Image by © Roman M‰rzinger/Westend61/CorbisTo keep data models accurate, you have to have enough data to ensure that your models are complete—that is, that they account for every possible predictable outcome. The model also has to push outlying data and exceptions, which create unpredictable outcomes, to human beings who can address their special circumstances. For example, an algorithm may be able to determine that a delivery will fail to show up as scheduled and can point to the most likely reasons why, but it can only do that based on the data it can access. It may take a human to start the process of locating the misdirected shipment, expediting a replacement, and establishing what went wrong by using business knowledge not yet included in the data model.

Indeed, data models need to be monitored for relevance. Whenever the results of a predictive model start to drift significantly from expectations, it’s time to examine the model to determine whether you need to dump old data that no longer reflects your customer base, add a new product or subtract a defunct one, or include a new variable, such as marital status or length of customer relationship that further refines your results.

It’s also important to remember that data doesn’t need to be perfect—and, in fact, probably shouldn’t be, no matter what you might have heard about the difficulty of starting predictive analytics with lower-quality data. To train an optical character recognition system to recognize and read handwriting in real time, for example, your samples of block printing and cursive writing data stores also have to include a few sloppy scrawls so the system can learn to decode them.

On the other hand, in a fast-changing marketplace, all the products and services in your database need consistent and unchanging references, even though outside the database, names, SKUs, and other identifiers for a single item may vary from one month or one order to the next. Without consistency, your business process model won’t be accurate, nor will the results.

Finally, when you’re using algorithms to generate recommendations to drive your business process, the process needs to include opportunities to test new messages and products against existing successful ones as well as against random offerings, Saravana says. Otherwise, instead of responding to your customers’ needs, your automated system will actually control their choices by presenting them with only a limited group of options drawn from those that have already received the most
positive results.

Any process is only as good as it’s been designed to be. Digitizing business processes doesn’t eliminate the possibility of mistakes and problems; but it does ensure that the mistakes and problems that arise are easy to spot and fix.

From Waste to Gold

Organizations moving to digitize and streamline core processes are even discovering new business opportunities and building new digitized models around them. That’s what happened at Hopper, an airfare prediction app firm in Cambridge, Massachusetts, which discovered in 2013 that it could mine its archives of billions of itineraries to spot historical trends in airfare pricing—data that was previously considered “waste product,” according to Hopper’s chief data scientist, Patrick Surry.

Hopper developed AI algorithms to correlate those past trends with current fares and to predict whether and when the price of any given flight was likely to rise or fall. The results were so accurate that Hopper jettisoned its previous business model. “We check up to 3 billion itineraries live, in real time, each day, then compare them to the last three to four years of historical airfare data,” Surry says. “When consumers ask our smartphone app whether they should buy now or wait, we can tell them, ‘yes, that’s a good deal, buy it now,’ or ‘no, we think that fare is too expensive, we predict it will drop, and we’ll alert you when it does.’ And we can give them that answer in less than one second.”

When consumers ask our smartphone app whether they should buy now or wait, we can tell them, ‘yes, that’s a good deal, buy it now’.

— Patrick Surry, chief data scientist, Hopper

While trying to predict airfare trends is nothing new, Hopper has told TechCrunch that it can not only save users up to 40% on airfares but it can also find them the lowest possible price 95% of the time. Surry says that’s all due to Hopper’s algorithms and data models.

The Hopper app launched on iOS in January 2015 and on Android eight months later. The company also switched in September 2015 from directing customers to external travel agencies to taking bookings directly through the app for a small fee. The Hopper app has already been downloaded to more than 2 million phones worldwide.

Surry predicts that we’ll soon see sophisticated chatbots that can start with vague requests from customers like “I want to go somewhere warm in February for less than $500,” proceed to ask questions that help users narrow their options, and finally book a trip that meets all their desired parameters. Eventually, he says, these chatbots will be able to handle millions of interactions simultaneously, allowing a wide variety of companies to reassign human call center agents to the handling of high-value transactions and exceptions to the rules built into the digitized booking process.

Port of Hamburg Lets the Machines Untangle Complexity

In early 2015, AI experts told Wired magazine that at least another 10 years would pass before a computer could best the top human players at Go, an ancient game that’s exponentially harder than chess. Yet before the end of that same year, Wired also reported that machine learning techniques drove Google’s AlphaGo AI to win four games out of five against one of the world’s top Go players. This feat proves just how good algorithms have become at managing extremely complex situations with multiple interdependent choices, Saravana points out.

The Port of Hamburg, which has digitized traffic management for an estimated 40,000 trucks a day, is a good example. In the past, truck drivers had to show up at the port to check traffic and parking message boards. If they arrived before their ships docked, they had to drive around or park in the neighboring residential area, contributing to congestion and air pollution while they waited to load or unload. Today, the HPA’s smartPORT mobile app tracks individual trucks using telematics. It customizes the information that drivers receive based on location and optimizes truck routes and parking in real time so drivers can make more stops a day with less wasted time and fuel.

The platform that drives the smartPORT app also uses sensor data in other ways: it tracks wind speed and direction and transmits the data to ship pilots so they can navigate in and out of the port more safely. It monitors emissions and their impact on air quality in various locations in order to adjust operations in real time for better control over environmental impact. It automatically activates streetlights for vehicle and pedestrian traffic, then switches them off again to save energy when the road is empty. This ability to coordinate and optimize multiple business functions on the fly makes the Port of Hamburg a textbook example of a Live Business.

Digitization Is Not Bounded by Industry

Other retail and B2B businesses of all types will inevitably join the Port of Hamburg in further digitizing processes, both in predictable ways and in those we can only begin to imagine.

sap_Q216_digital_double_feature1_images4Customer service, for example, is likely to be in the vanguard. Automated systems already feed information about customers to online and phone-based service representatives in real time, generate cross-selling and upselling opportunities based on past transactions, and answer customers’ frequently asked questions. Saravana foresees these systems becoming even more sophisticated, powered by AI algorithms that are virtually indistinguishable from human customer service agents in their ability to handle complex live interactions in real time.

In manufacturing and IT, Sven Bauszus, global vice president and general manager for predictive analytics at SAP, forecasts that sensors and predictive analysis will further automate the process of scheduling and performing maintenance, such as monitoring equipment for signs of failure in real time, predicting when parts or entire machines will need replacement, and even ordering replacements preemptively. Similarly, combining AI, sensors, data mining, and other technologies will enable factories to optimize workforce assignments in real time based on past trends, current orders, and changing market conditions.

Public health will be able to go live with technology that spots outbreaks of infectious disease, determines where medical professionals and support personnel are needed most and how many to send, and helps ensure that they arrive quickly with the right medication and equipment to treat patients and eradicate the root cause. It will also make it easier to track communicable illnesses, find people who are symptomatic, and recommend approaches to controlling the spread of the illness, Bauszus says.

He also predicts that the insurance industry, which has already begun to digitize its claims-handling processes, will refine its ability to sort through more claims in less time with greater accuracy and higher customer satisfaction. Algorithms will be better and faster at flagging claims that have a high probability of being fraudulent and then pushing them to claims inspectors for investigation. Simultaneously, the same technology will be able to identify and resolve valid claims in real time, possibly even cutting a check or depositing money directly into the insured person’s bank account within minutes.

Financial services firms will be able to apply machine learning, data mining, and AI to accelerate the process of rating borrowers’ credit and detecting fraud. Instead of filling out a detailed application, consumers might be able to get on-the-spot approval for a credit card or loan after inputting only enough information to be identified. Similarly, banks will be able to alert customers to suspicious transactions by text message or phone call—not within a day or an hour, as is common now, but in a minute or less.

Pitfalls and Possibilities

As intelligent as business processes can be programmed to be, there will always be a point beyond which they have to be supervised. Indeed, Saravana forecasts increasing regulation around when business processes can and can’t be digitized. Especially in areas involving data security, physical security, and health and safety, it’s one thing to allow machines to parse data and arrive at decisions to drive a critical business process, but it’s another thing entirely to allow them to act on those decisions without human oversight.

Automated, impersonal decision making is fine for supply chain automation, demand forecasting, inventory management, and other processes that need faster-than-human response times. In human-facing interactions, though, Saravana insists that it’s still best to digitize the part of the process that generates decisions, but leave it to a human to finalize the decision and decide how to put it into action.

“Any time the interaction is machine-to-machine, you don’t need a human to slow the process down,” he says. “But when the interaction involves a person, it’s much more tricky, because people have preferences, tastes, the ability to try something different, the ability to get fatigued—people are only statistically predictable.”

For example, technology has made it entirely possible to build a corporate security system that can gather information from cameras, sensors, voice recognition technology, and other IP-enabled devices. The system can then feed that information in a steady stream to an algorithm designed to identify potentially suspicious activity and act in real time to prevent or stop it while alerting the authorities. But what happens when an executive stays in the office unusually late to work on a presentation and the security system misidentifies her as an unauthorized intruder? What if the algorithm decides to lock the emergency exits, shut down the executive’s network access, or disable her with a Taser instead of simply sending an alert to the head of security asking what to do while waiting for the police to come?

sap_Q216_digital_double_feature1_images6The Risk Is Doing Nothing

The greater, if less dramatic, risk associated with digitizing business processes is simply failing to pursue it. It’s true that taking advantage of new digital technologies can be costly in the short term. There’s no question that companies have to invest in hardware, software, and qualified staff in order to prepare enormous data volumes for storage and analysis. They also have to implement new data sources such as sensors or Internet-connected devices, develop data models, and create and test algorithms to drive business processes that are currently analog. But as with any new technology, Saravana advises, it’s better to start small with a key use case, rack up a quick win with high ROI, and expand gradually than to drag your heels out of a failure to grasp the long-term potential.

The economy is digitizing rapidly, but not evenly. According to the McKinsey Global Institute’s December 2015 Digital America report, “The race to keep up with technology and put it to the most effective business use is producing digital ‘haves’ and ‘have-mores’—and the large, persistent gap between them is becoming a decisive factor in competition across the economy.” Companies that want to be among the have-mores need to commit to Live Business today. Failing to explore it now will put them on the wrong side of the gap and, in the long run, rack up a high price tag in unrealized efficiencies and missed opportunities. D!

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Erik Marcade

About Erik Marcade

Erik Marcade is vice president of Advanced Analytics Products at SAP.

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Strengthening Government Through Data Analytics

Dante Ricci

When it comes to analyzing data, you could say that there is a clash in culture due to disconnect within the government workforce. This is partly due to the fact that many organizations don’t have people in place with the right technical skill sets. But government can uncover hidden insights to drive better results and create more value for citizens.

The need has never been greater to empower knowledge workers with a comprehensive – yet simple – integrated platform that helps unlock the real value in data for smarter decision-making.

Governments move toward constituent-centered platforms

The fact is, leading government organizations have begun to transform by using consumer-grade solutions to garner better insights from data. The key lies in self-service and automated analytics that do not require technical skill sets. Such solutions enable government personnel at all levels to shift from asking IT for historical reports to a real-time and predictive view that considers multiple data points to deliver a personalized view.

Poised with the right technology and collaborative mindset, governments can uncover new insights to make life better, safer, and healthier, when:

  1. Technology is intuitive and easy to use.
  2. Personnel can make decisions based on a combination of historical and real-time data rather than decisions based on historical perspective alone.
  3. Collaborative technology can include constituent insight and ideas for better decision making.

Digital transformation of government removes that massive barrier between agencies and departments using a platform that shares data and removes the friction that slows down the entire process. The result is that agencies are able to do more, produce better results, and still save money. Digital by default is the key. The rewards are significant for those who successfully leverage analytics: stretching their competitive advantage, driving innovation, and improving lives.

Predictive solutions that appear before your eyes

Digitalized governments run frictionless with decisions based on real contextual insights. Analytics help leaders see problems before or as they occur. That real-time connection identifies potential problems and gives management time to correct them. As real-time data becomes available through input from sensors, transactions, constituents, and other information channels, decisions can be made at the moment of opportunity.

Putting it together

What happens when you need to make decisions, but your data is two years old? What if you need to rewrite a policy that focuses on performance and cost — but you have no information about costs?

Those sorts of problems occur every day. In the first scenario, your decision may be wrong because the data changed. In the second scenario, the policy update may be late. Both potential outcomes reflect negatively on performance and can negatively impact the safety and quality of citizens’ lives. These are both examples of the friction that occurs within governments. They are also the reasons why relevant and timely data is necessary.

The power and tools that a digital government wields are transformative. The rewards for government are many: lower costs, improved services, safer communities, and a better overall quality of life.  Services become seamless. Systems become fluid. Operational costs drop and better outcomes occur.

In short, you make better decisions when they are based on facts and context, not feelings. People who need help get help quickly. Operational issues become identified and fixed. People are happy. And isn’t that the way government should work?

Are you ready for change?

Read about more about SAP’s perspective on digital government here.

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About Dante Ricci

Dante Ricci is the Global Public Services Marketing & Communications lead at SAP. His specialties include enterprise software, business strategy, business development, cloud computing and solution selling.