Could Big Data Have Saved Ancient Civilizations?

David Jonker

The burning of the Ancient Library of Alexandria has come to symbolize the tragedy of irretrievably losing valuable cultural information and knowledge. The Egyptian center of scholarship was one of the largest and most important libraries of the ancient world, standing from its construction in the 3rd century BC until the Romans conquered Egypt in 30 BC.

In those days, much of the known world’s recorded knowledge was kept in the library. Today, our information is decentralized across huge regions, and thanks to digital technology, there is a lot more of it. So much more, in fact, that it’s been theorized that every last papyrus scroll in the vast Library of Alexandria could now fit onto an ordinary flash drive.

Ninety percent of the world’s data has been created in the last two years. According to the documentary The Human Face of Big Data (shown worldwide as part of SAP’s Our Digital Future film series), the typical person in the Western world is now exposed to as much data in one day as someone in the 15th century would have seen in their entire life.

For convenience, we call this phenomenon Big Data. We won’t always call it that. The term denotes something still new and exciting. Since the recent explosion of data generation, there hasn’t yet been time to scrape the surface of its potential to inform decisions.

There is such an abundance of data that we don’t yet know if it will actually hinder us more than help us. We could be suffering from debilitating information overload. Big Data and digital technology are moving us into totally uncharted territory. We’re just beginning to understand how we can use all that data to improve the world and human lives.

Rather than just feeling smug about its ability to help us live better, we have to also be wary of following a path of self-destruction. We can’t simply dismiss doomsday believers as “negative” or “gloomy” thinkers.

The Library of Alexandria was the ancient world’s attempt at Big Data, making full use of the technology of the day. You can be sure the great minds of the day were scrutinizing the library’s “data” to make intellectual connections, further human knowledge, and preserve and advance their civilization.

Little did they know at the time, their efforts were in vain; that the conquering Roman Empire would undo centuries of work invested into the library’s body of knowledge. Little did the Romans know, emperors’ squabbles and decadence would eventually lead to their downfall. Every ancient civilization collapsed for some reason or another (though never just one reason).

The world of today, however, is very different. We are in an age of independent states, rather than empires, and because of modern technology we are fast moving towards a global civilization. The fall of our global civilization would be a terminal disaster for the entire world.

The Human Face of Big Data spends some time discussing how we can get out of the problems we’ve made. Climate change, overpopulation, conflict over finite resources, invasive species, nuclear instability – it would be foolish to think any of these problems or threats will solve themselves or never occur.

As we tackle these problems with the help of Big Data, can we dare to dream that our global civilization will be the first that doesn’t unwittingly destroy itself? Can we ever be sure our actions won’t lead to our collapse? To begin answering these questions, let’s look back at a few ancient civilizations (chiefly by way of Jared Diamond’s excellent book Collapse), consider how they collapsed, and think about how Big Data might have saved them…

Greenland Norse Vikings

In AD 984, Vikings settled in Greenland, and by 1450 they had died out. They inadvertently caused soil erosion and deforestation, which meant they weren’t able to make the charcoal they needed to support themselves as an Iron Age society. Dwindling trade with neighboring mother country Norway didn’t help the Vikings either, nor did their hostile relationship with the Eskimos with whom they shared Greenland. Those Eskimos may have blocked Norse access to the outer fjords, which they depended on for seals.

What if the Vikings had the Big Data we have today? They might have built a vast sensor network feeding into a database system that measured how much deforestation they could safely carry out. They might have used insight from data to figure out how to share fjord access with the Eskimos harmoniously, while mapping an efficient trade route around the sea ice separating Norway and Greenland.

Easter Islanders

Out of hundreds of islands in the Pacific Ocean, none has suffered a case of deforestation as severe as that which destroyed the civilization on Easter Island in the 1600s. Jared Diamond has called it “the clearest example of a society that destroyed itself by over-exploiting its own resources.” A combination of environmental factors led to the deforestation, but on such a small island, how could the Easter Islanders not have seen what they were doing? Diamond asked, “what did they say when they were cutting down the last palm tree?” In the future, people might be asking the same about us.

With Big Data, the civilization might have been able to identify and address problems caused by volcanic activity, latitude, rainfall patterns, and the lack of “continental dust from Asia” that protects the Pacific islands by restoring soil fertility.

Indus Valley Civilization

The largest of the early urban civilizations, the Indus once covered more than a million square kilometers and may have accounted for 10% of the world’s population. After a period of stability and great technological advancement, when the civilization’s rivers flooded adequately to support farming, climate change caused the floods to dry up, and the cities had to be abandoned.

We can’t imagine that happening in today’s developed cities, in an age where the likes of Buenos Aries have sensor networks monitoring and controlling the flow and pressure of their entire water supply. Even if natural climate change did make a region uninhabitable over time, we’d surely have the foresight to know it was coming.

If Big Data is to save our global civilization, achieving something our ancestors didn’t, it will depend on more than just data. If Big Data really does have the potential to solve civilization-ending problems, our fate will depend on humans acting on insights.

The most urgent problems facing today’s global civilization are of our own making. There are many things we still don’t understand, and many things we haven’t started or stopped doing to solve these problems. Big Data will be crucial in helping us change that. Unlike ancient civilizations, digital technology can ensure our future.

Get more insight on how cities are using data to build a better future in Smarter Cities: Future Metropolis and Societal Impact.

Comments

David Jonker

About David Jonker

David Jonker is Senior Director of SAP Leonardo and predictive analytic solutions at SAP. He drives go-to-market and co-innovation initiatives across the SAP solution portfolio for Big Data and predictive analytics.

Creators: Zipline Offers Drone Aid to Remote Health Clinics

Stephanie Overby

Keller Rinaudo, co-founder and CEO, Zipline
Image Credit: Flickr CC: TED Conference

Drones get a bad rap. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), first introduced decades ago, have a largely negative connotation in modern life—from the Predator drones used to conduct targeted killings to law enforcement drones engaging in potentially unwarranted surveillance to mishandled consumer drones menacing the public.

Credit: Zipline

Keller Rinaudo, co-founder and CEO of Zipline International, sees the technology instead as a lifesaving mode of transport. In 2016, the Half Moon Bay, California, based drone delivery service signed its first partnership with the government of Rwanda to make the last-mile delivery of blood to transfusion facilities throughout the country. In August 2017, the company signed a larger deal with the government of Tanzania to provide 2,000 medical deliveries a day to its far-flung health facilities.

But Rinaudo’s drone dreams are even bigger: to enable on-demand, low-cost delivery of medicines and other products for the planet.

Pivotal Pivots

Rinaudo earned a degree in biotech from Harvard, where he built DNA computers. After spending a few years on the professional rock-climbing circuit, he shifted to robotics. Rinaudo was particularly interested in how smartphone components could open up new doors for robotics, ultimately launching the company Romotive in 2012 with the Vegas Tech Fund.

Romotive raised some US$7 million and spent more than two years developing an app-controlled robotic toy for iOS devices before Rinaudo determined he wanted to do something more impactful with robotics. Robots are really good at repetitive tasks, so Rinaudo spent a year exploring seemingly mundane tasks that were ripe for disruption, ultimately settling on an area where he thought robots could have the most impact: medical logistics and delivery.

The Last-Mile Problem

Zipline’s aircraft, called “Zips” can fly 10 times the distance of existing commercial UAVs. Credit: Zipline

In 2014, Rinaudo traveled to Ifakara Health Institute in Tanzania, where he met a grad student working to digitalize part of the country’s medical supply chain. The student had built a mobile alert system that enabled health workers to text requests for emergency blood and medical supplies for critically ill patients. However, owing to the country’s difficult topography and its slow and inefficient medical supply chain, there was no way for the government to deliver many of these materials.

Browsing the growing backlog of medical supply requests that the student had collected, Rinaudo says he realized he was looking at a “database of death.” More than 2 billion people around the world lack adequate access to essential medical products, according to the World Health Organization, often due to challenging terrain and gaps in infrastructure. Over 2.9 million children under age five die every year and up to 150,000 pregnancy-related deaths result from lack of access to safe blood.

Robotic aircraft could solve the problem. Rinaudo established Zipline and moved to develop the Zip, a first-of-its-kind drone delivery service, as the final link in the medical supply chain for problematic geographies.

An Inside Job

Zipline’s team of 60 includes seasoned aerospace engineers recruited from companies like SpaceX, Google, Boeing, and NASA. “They’ve been drawn to the mission,” Rinaudo says, “using cutting-edge technology to save lives.”

The fixed-wing aircraft that Zipline has developed are capable of flying farther on less power and in more variable weather than the multirotor machines typically referred to as drones. The Zips can fly 10 times the distance of existing commercial UAVs. The company has built the robotic systems for launching and landing their Zips, as well as the algorithms in the flight computer and air traffic control software, in-house. “Off-the-shelf quadcopters can’t get the job done,” Rinaudo explains. “We need a purpose-driven vehicle capable of making deliveries at a national scale.”

Rwanda’s Leap of Faith

Zipline began its deliveries in Rwanda, which is known as the country of a thousand hills. The topography makes for a striking landscape but challenging logistics. “The government was ready to step forward and make a national commitment to expanding healthcare access with technology,” Rinaudo says. Because Rwanda is one of the most densely populated countries in Africa, with a land area the size of Maryland, Zipline could serve almost half of the nation’s population from its single distribution center. (Ultimately, the Rwandan government has said it wants to ensure that delivery of essential medical supplies is no more than 30 minutes away from all 12 million Rwandans.)

“Millions of people across the world die each year because they can’t get the medicine they need when they need it. It’s a problem in both developed and developing countries.We can help solve it with on-demand drone delivery.”

Zipline launched its first blood drops from Rwanda’s capital, Kigali, late in 2016. The company flies 15 planes (which weigh about 14 kilograms fully loaded) simultaneously, using data provided by GPS and Rwanda’s Civil Aviation Authority to guide the flights. Powered by lithium-ion battery packs and twin electric motors, the Zips don’t have to be refueled.

To make deliveries, the planes fly about 40 feet above what Zipline calls the “mailbox” near a clinic (an area approximately the size of two parking spots) and drop the packages to it. The clinics do not need to install any infrastructure. To begin service to a new site, Zipline performs a survey flight to map the area and can start deliveries within two days.

One of Zipline’s central innovations is the aircraft landing system at its distribution centers. “We need to take off and land from the same place with limited space,” says Rinaudo. Mimicking the wire and tailhook systems the U.S. Navy uses to snag jets onto its carriers, Zipline engineers developed a pair of robotic arms that hold a wire. On approach, the plane sends a signal to the robotic arms, triggering them to raise the wire to the right height for the plane to snag it before stopping on an inflated landing mat nearby. The solution enables the planes to decelerate from 100 kilometers an hour to zero in half a second with no runway.

Developing the technology to operate and land the UAVs safely and effectively was easy, Rinaudo says, compared to integrating with Rwanda’s national health system. There were challenges with back-end systems integration. Zipline has also had to consider local air traffic and health regulations and develop education and training for distribution center workers. “We work hand in hand with military and civil aviation authorities, the national blood center, clinics around the country, hospital staff, and members of the surrounding community,” Rinaudo says. “All of them have a key role to play. And building those relationships while strengthening the overall operation takes time.”

Reverse Innovation

A healthcare professional collects air-delivered supplies. Credit: Zipline

Last summer, the government of Tanzania signed a deal with Zipline to develop the largest national drone delivery service in the world with four distribution centers and more than 100 drones. The initiative aims to serve 10 million Tanzanians (approximately the population of the U.S. state of Georgia). Zips in Tanzania will deliver not just blood but also emergency vaccines, HIV medications, antimalarial drugs, and critical medical supplies like sutures and IV tubes.

Although Zipline is focused on its East African operations, its approach could prove valuable anywhere. “Millions of people across the world die each year because they can’t get the medicine they need when they need it. It’s a problem in both developed and developing countries,” Rinaudo says. “We can help solve it with on-demand drone delivery. And African nations are showing the world how.”

The company has worked with the U.S. government to explore tests of medical supply drone delivery to remote communities such as Smith Island in Maryland, Pyramid Lake Tribal Health Clinic in Nevada, and the San Juan Islands in Washington. It plans to expand within the United States in 2018.

Taking Drones to New Heights

Rinaudo’s focus on using drones to deliver items that have a significant impact on someone’s life has attracted prominent funders, including Sequoia Capital, Google Ventures, Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen, and former Yahoo CEO Jerry Yang.

It’s not clear yet whether drone delivery cuts costs. A report published in 2016 by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center noted that using UAVs to deliver vaccines in low- and middle-income countries may save money and improve vaccination rates. Zipline executives have reported that its deliveries for routine restocking are more expensive than standard trips by road, but responding to emergencies costs less.

To evaluate Zipline’s impact, global health researchers from the Ifakara Health Institute and the University of Glasgow will assess how deliveries from one of its planned distribution centers affect the clinics the company serves.

The value in lives saved is clear, says Rinaudo, and that is fueling development. Costs will come down over time, he adds, and the practical use cases within healthcare will expand. Eventually, Rinaudo envisions, Zipline’s approach could be practical for a range of possibilities beyond medical supplies. Meanwhile, the success of companies like his could serve as a springboard for a new category of aircraft more reliable and durable than cheap consumer drones but less expensive than multimillion dollar unmanned military aircraft. D!

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How Drones Deliver The Goods Across The Enterprise [VIDEO]

Shivani Govil

shutterstock_174115991Countless sci-fi novels and Hollywood blockbusters feature futuristic worlds where flying objects are the norm.

Guess what? We are starting to see this come to life in the real world. Drones, for instance, are getting a lot of attention – what started off as a niche hobby has now grown into a multi-billion dollar market for both consumer and commercial use.

Recent advances in drone technology combined with the ability to capture, analyze, and act upon large volumes of data make it possible to do a lot more today than ever before. According to a study by the Teal Group Corp, the spending on drones will nearly double by 2024 to about $11.4 billion (compared to about $6.4B in 2014). Large enterprises are moving quickly to evaluate how they can use such technologies.

In my discussions with people across different industries, I was surprised to discover that much of what I thought was theoretical/visionary is actually technology that people have started to test with small pilots (no pun intended). Recently I conducted a workshop with some customers, where we came up with almost 100 different use cases where drones can be used in the enterprise space. These broadly revolved around the areas of quality, inspections, maintenance, manufacturing, delivery of goods, warehouse management, as well as many others.

Drones used for safety

Most people have heard about Amazon’s public experimentation with drones for the delivering of packages and now other mail order businesses want to use drones for the transportation of packets to their customers. Additionally, drones have been used in assisting with public security/ safety – for example to study dangerous areas, or even assist with rescue operations such as during the aftermath of the recent earthquake in Nepal. Rail companies are evaluating how to use drones to help manage and monitor the miles of rail tracks, often in remote areas. Oil and gas companies are looking at similar usage of drones to help inspect the health of their pipeline.

Drones used at work

People are also experimenting with drones for inside work environments, such as assistants for distributing objects in logistics centers, or for helping to better manage warehouse/inventory. In the waste industry, drones present a promising alternative to reach hard to reach areas such as some parts of the ocean. In addition, they can be used in mining operations to provide accurate measurements of mining piles so that companies can assess the financial equivalent of the pile at any given time.

Drones used for agriculture

Another very popular application of drones is in agriculture, to measure the health of crop and provide any necessary remedial actions such as additional water or fertilizer. Of course, as with any new technology, there are constraints that still need further development before we will see full scale deployments. One major constraint is regulatory. Regulations on drone usage can vary widely across different countries. Most countries require drones to be operated below a certain height, and only within visual line of sight (VLOS).

However there are some exceptions such as in Australia, where it is accepted for certain missions after rigorous risk assessment. Some countries require special permits be obtained for commercial usage of drones (you can see a comparison of regulations by country here).

Privacy is another issue that needs to be addressed, since drones can unknowingly collect unauthorized data or unpermitted recordings. Health and safety considerations are also paramount – whether it be the safety of the surrounding population or that of the operators. Despite these limitations, drones look like a promising technology that companies can leverage to reinvent operational processes and devise new ways to make money or reduce costs.

If this reminds you of the “Jetson’s”, don’t hold your breath, this vision may be here sooner than we think – and I, for one, am looking forward to it.

This story also appeared on the SAP Business Trends community.

For more future-focused insight on where business is headed, see The Make-for-Me Future.

Comments

Ted Basile

About Ted Basile

Ted Basile is the senior director responsible for global marketing for SAP HANA Enterprise Cloud. His charter spans messaging, positioning, and building customer-facing assets to support all marketing and sales activities. @teddybgame | LinkedIn

How Drones Deliver The Goods Across The Enterprise [VIDEO]

Shivani Govil

shutterstock_174115991Countless sci-fi novels and Hollywood blockbusters feature futuristic worlds where flying objects are the norm.

Guess what? We are starting to see this come to life in the real world. Drones, for instance, are getting a lot of attention – what started off as a niche hobby has now grown into a multi-billion dollar market for both consumer and commercial use.

Recent advances in drone technology combined with the ability to capture, analyze, and act upon large volumes of data make it possible to do a lot more today than ever before. According to a study by the Teal Group Corp, the spending on drones will nearly double by 2024 to about $11.4 billion (compared to about $6.4B in 2014). Large enterprises are moving quickly to evaluate how they can use such technologies.

In my discussions with people across different industries, I was surprised to discover that much of what I thought was theoretical/visionary is actually technology that people have started to test with small pilots (no pun intended). Recently I conducted a workshop with some customers, where we came up with almost 100 different use cases where drones can be used in the enterprise space. These broadly revolved around the areas of quality, inspections, maintenance, manufacturing, delivery of goods, warehouse management, as well as many others.

Drones used for safety

Most people have heard about Amazon’s public experimentation with drones for the delivering of packages and now other mail order businesses want to use drones for the transportation of packets to their customers. Additionally, drones have been used in assisting with public security/ safety – for example to study dangerous areas, or even assist with rescue operations such as during the aftermath of the recent earthquake in Nepal. Rail companies are evaluating how to use drones to help manage and monitor the miles of rail tracks, often in remote areas. Oil and gas companies are looking at similar usage of drones to help inspect the health of their pipeline.

Drones used at work

People are also experimenting with drones for inside work environments, such as assistants for distributing objects in logistics centers, or for helping to better manage warehouse/inventory. In the waste industry, drones present a promising alternative to reach hard to reach areas such as some parts of the ocean. In addition, they can be used in mining operations to provide accurate measurements of mining piles so that companies can assess the financial equivalent of the pile at any given time.

Drones used for agriculture

Another very popular application of drones is in agriculture, to measure the health of crop and provide any necessary remedial actions such as additional water or fertilizer. Of course, as with any new technology, there are constraints that still need further development before we will see full scale deployments. One major constraint is regulatory. Regulations on drone usage can vary widely across different countries. Most countries require drones to be operated below a certain height, and only within visual line of sight (VLOS).

However there are some exceptions such as in Australia, where it is accepted for certain missions after rigorous risk assessment. Some countries require special permits be obtained for commercial usage of drones (you can see a comparison of regulations by country here).

Privacy is another issue that needs to be addressed, since drones can unknowingly collect unauthorized data or unpermitted recordings. Health and safety considerations are also paramount – whether it be the safety of the surrounding population or that of the operators. Despite these limitations, drones look like a promising technology that companies can leverage to reinvent operational processes and devise new ways to make money or reduce costs.

If this reminds you of the “Jetson’s”, don’t hold your breath, this vision may be here sooner than we think – and I, for one, am looking forward to it.

This story also appeared on the SAP Business Trends community.

For more future-focused insight on where business is headed, see The Make-for-Me Future.

Comments

Mukund Rao

About Mukund Rao

Mukund Rao is Director of the Automotive Business Unit at SAP. He has been a key contributor to the business unit for over 18 years, focusing on both OEMs and suppliers. Mukund earned his MBA from University of Michigan and M.S. degree in Mechanical Engineering from Oklahoma State University.

How Drones Deliver The Goods Across The Enterprise [VIDEO]

Shivani Govil

shutterstock_174115991Countless sci-fi novels and Hollywood blockbusters feature futuristic worlds where flying objects are the norm.

Guess what? We are starting to see this come to life in the real world. Drones, for instance, are getting a lot of attention – what started off as a niche hobby has now grown into a multi-billion dollar market for both consumer and commercial use.

Recent advances in drone technology combined with the ability to capture, analyze, and act upon large volumes of data make it possible to do a lot more today than ever before. According to a study by the Teal Group Corp, the spending on drones will nearly double by 2024 to about $11.4 billion (compared to about $6.4B in 2014). Large enterprises are moving quickly to evaluate how they can use such technologies.

In my discussions with people across different industries, I was surprised to discover that much of what I thought was theoretical/visionary is actually technology that people have started to test with small pilots (no pun intended). Recently I conducted a workshop with some customers, where we came up with almost 100 different use cases where drones can be used in the enterprise space. These broadly revolved around the areas of quality, inspections, maintenance, manufacturing, delivery of goods, warehouse management, as well as many others.

Drones used for safety

Most people have heard about Amazon’s public experimentation with drones for the delivering of packages and now other mail order businesses want to use drones for the transportation of packets to their customers. Additionally, drones have been used in assisting with public security/ safety – for example to study dangerous areas, or even assist with rescue operations such as during the aftermath of the recent earthquake in Nepal. Rail companies are evaluating how to use drones to help manage and monitor the miles of rail tracks, often in remote areas. Oil and gas companies are looking at similar usage of drones to help inspect the health of their pipeline.

Drones used at work

People are also experimenting with drones for inside work environments, such as assistants for distributing objects in logistics centers, or for helping to better manage warehouse/inventory. In the waste industry, drones present a promising alternative to reach hard to reach areas such as some parts of the ocean. In addition, they can be used in mining operations to provide accurate measurements of mining piles so that companies can assess the financial equivalent of the pile at any given time.

Drones used for agriculture

Another very popular application of drones is in agriculture, to measure the health of crop and provide any necessary remedial actions such as additional water or fertilizer. Of course, as with any new technology, there are constraints that still need further development before we will see full scale deployments. One major constraint is regulatory. Regulations on drone usage can vary widely across different countries. Most countries require drones to be operated below a certain height, and only within visual line of sight (VLOS).

However there are some exceptions such as in Australia, where it is accepted for certain missions after rigorous risk assessment. Some countries require special permits be obtained for commercial usage of drones (you can see a comparison of regulations by country here).

Privacy is another issue that needs to be addressed, since drones can unknowingly collect unauthorized data or unpermitted recordings. Health and safety considerations are also paramount – whether it be the safety of the surrounding population or that of the operators. Despite these limitations, drones look like a promising technology that companies can leverage to reinvent operational processes and devise new ways to make money or reduce costs.

If this reminds you of the “Jetson’s”, don’t hold your breath, this vision may be here sooner than we think – and I, for one, am looking forward to it.

This story also appeared on the SAP Business Trends community.

For more future-focused insight on where business is headed, see The Make-for-Me Future.

Comments

Tom Cassell

About Tom Cassell

Tom Cassell is an IBM Executive and the Global Leader for IBM’s Ariba Practice. He has led multiple transformation programs that improved source-to-pay capabilities by leveraging Ariba solutions He is leading IBM GBS’s Cognitive Procurement initiative, which includes the integration of Watson into Ariba. Tom has over 20 years of experience in supply chain management, with a particular focus in the planning and procurement domains.

How Drones Deliver The Goods Across The Enterprise [VIDEO]

Shivani Govil

shutterstock_174115991Countless sci-fi novels and Hollywood blockbusters feature futuristic worlds where flying objects are the norm.

Guess what? We are starting to see this come to life in the real world. Drones, for instance, are getting a lot of attention – what started off as a niche hobby has now grown into a multi-billion dollar market for both consumer and commercial use.

Recent advances in drone technology combined with the ability to capture, analyze, and act upon large volumes of data make it possible to do a lot more today than ever before. According to a study by the Teal Group Corp, the spending on drones will nearly double by 2024 to about $11.4 billion (compared to about $6.4B in 2014). Large enterprises are moving quickly to evaluate how they can use such technologies.

In my discussions with people across different industries, I was surprised to discover that much of what I thought was theoretical/visionary is actually technology that people have started to test with small pilots (no pun intended). Recently I conducted a workshop with some customers, where we came up with almost 100 different use cases where drones can be used in the enterprise space. These broadly revolved around the areas of quality, inspections, maintenance, manufacturing, delivery of goods, warehouse management, as well as many others.

Drones used for safety

Most people have heard about Amazon’s public experimentation with drones for the delivering of packages and now other mail order businesses want to use drones for the transportation of packets to their customers. Additionally, drones have been used in assisting with public security/ safety – for example to study dangerous areas, or even assist with rescue operations such as during the aftermath of the recent earthquake in Nepal. Rail companies are evaluating how to use drones to help manage and monitor the miles of rail tracks, often in remote areas. Oil and gas companies are looking at similar usage of drones to help inspect the health of their pipeline.

Drones used at work

People are also experimenting with drones for inside work environments, such as assistants for distributing objects in logistics centers, or for helping to better manage warehouse/inventory. In the waste industry, drones present a promising alternative to reach hard to reach areas such as some parts of the ocean. In addition, they can be used in mining operations to provide accurate measurements of mining piles so that companies can assess the financial equivalent of the pile at any given time.

Drones used for agriculture

Another very popular application of drones is in agriculture, to measure the health of crop and provide any necessary remedial actions such as additional water or fertilizer. Of course, as with any new technology, there are constraints that still need further development before we will see full scale deployments. One major constraint is regulatory. Regulations on drone usage can vary widely across different countries. Most countries require drones to be operated below a certain height, and only within visual line of sight (VLOS).

However there are some exceptions such as in Australia, where it is accepted for certain missions after rigorous risk assessment. Some countries require special permits be obtained for commercial usage of drones (you can see a comparison of regulations by country here).

Privacy is another issue that needs to be addressed, since drones can unknowingly collect unauthorized data or unpermitted recordings. Health and safety considerations are also paramount – whether it be the safety of the surrounding population or that of the operators. Despite these limitations, drones look like a promising technology that companies can leverage to reinvent operational processes and devise new ways to make money or reduce costs.

If this reminds you of the “Jetson’s”, don’t hold your breath, this vision may be here sooner than we think – and I, for one, am looking forward to it.

This story also appeared on the SAP Business Trends community.

For more future-focused insight on where business is headed, see The Make-for-Me Future.

Comments

How Drones Deliver The Goods Across The Enterprise [VIDEO]

Shivani Govil

shutterstock_174115991Countless sci-fi novels and Hollywood blockbusters feature futuristic worlds where flying objects are the norm.

Guess what? We are starting to see this come to life in the real world. Drones, for instance, are getting a lot of attention – what started off as a niche hobby has now grown into a multi-billion dollar market for both consumer and commercial use.

Recent advances in drone technology combined with the ability to capture, analyze, and act upon large volumes of data make it possible to do a lot more today than ever before. According to a study by the Teal Group Corp, the spending on drones will nearly double by 2024 to about $11.4 billion (compared to about $6.4B in 2014). Large enterprises are moving quickly to evaluate how they can use such technologies.

In my discussions with people across different industries, I was surprised to discover that much of what I thought was theoretical/visionary is actually technology that people have started to test with small pilots (no pun intended). Recently I conducted a workshop with some customers, where we came up with almost 100 different use cases where drones can be used in the enterprise space. These broadly revolved around the areas of quality, inspections, maintenance, manufacturing, delivery of goods, warehouse management, as well as many others.

Drones used for safety

Most people have heard about Amazon’s public experimentation with drones for the delivering of packages and now other mail order businesses want to use drones for the transportation of packets to their customers. Additionally, drones have been used in assisting with public security/ safety – for example to study dangerous areas, or even assist with rescue operations such as during the aftermath of the recent earthquake in Nepal. Rail companies are evaluating how to use drones to help manage and monitor the miles of rail tracks, often in remote areas. Oil and gas companies are looking at similar usage of drones to help inspect the health of their pipeline.

Drones used at work

People are also experimenting with drones for inside work environments, such as assistants for distributing objects in logistics centers, or for helping to better manage warehouse/inventory. In the waste industry, drones present a promising alternative to reach hard to reach areas such as some parts of the ocean. In addition, they can be used in mining operations to provide accurate measurements of mining piles so that companies can assess the financial equivalent of the pile at any given time.

Drones used for agriculture

Another very popular application of drones is in agriculture, to measure the health of crop and provide any necessary remedial actions such as additional water or fertilizer. Of course, as with any new technology, there are constraints that still need further development before we will see full scale deployments. One major constraint is regulatory. Regulations on drone usage can vary widely across different countries. Most countries require drones to be operated below a certain height, and only within visual line of sight (VLOS).

However there are some exceptions such as in Australia, where it is accepted for certain missions after rigorous risk assessment. Some countries require special permits be obtained for commercial usage of drones (you can see a comparison of regulations by country here).

Privacy is another issue that needs to be addressed, since drones can unknowingly collect unauthorized data or unpermitted recordings. Health and safety considerations are also paramount – whether it be the safety of the surrounding population or that of the operators. Despite these limitations, drones look like a promising technology that companies can leverage to reinvent operational processes and devise new ways to make money or reduce costs.

If this reminds you of the “Jetson’s”, don’t hold your breath, this vision may be here sooner than we think – and I, for one, am looking forward to it.

This story also appeared on the SAP Business Trends community.

For more future-focused insight on where business is headed, see The Make-for-Me Future.

Comments

Derek Klobucher

About Derek Klobucher

Derek Klobucher is a Brand Journalist, Content Marketer and Master Digital Storyteller at SAP. His responsibilities include conceiving, developing and conducting global, company-wide employee brand journalism training; managing content, promotion and strategy for social networks and online media; and mentoring SAP employees, contractors and interns to optimize blogging and social media efforts.

How Drones Deliver The Goods Across The Enterprise [VIDEO]

Shivani Govil

shutterstock_174115991Countless sci-fi novels and Hollywood blockbusters feature futuristic worlds where flying objects are the norm.

Guess what? We are starting to see this come to life in the real world. Drones, for instance, are getting a lot of attention – what started off as a niche hobby has now grown into a multi-billion dollar market for both consumer and commercial use.

Recent advances in drone technology combined with the ability to capture, analyze, and act upon large volumes of data make it possible to do a lot more today than ever before. According to a study by the Teal Group Corp, the spending on drones will nearly double by 2024 to about $11.4 billion (compared to about $6.4B in 2014). Large enterprises are moving quickly to evaluate how they can use such technologies.

In my discussions with people across different industries, I was surprised to discover that much of what I thought was theoretical/visionary is actually technology that people have started to test with small pilots (no pun intended). Recently I conducted a workshop with some customers, where we came up with almost 100 different use cases where drones can be used in the enterprise space. These broadly revolved around the areas of quality, inspections, maintenance, manufacturing, delivery of goods, warehouse management, as well as many others.

Drones used for safety

Most people have heard about Amazon’s public experimentation with drones for the delivering of packages and now other mail order businesses want to use drones for the transportation of packets to their customers. Additionally, drones have been used in assisting with public security/ safety – for example to study dangerous areas, or even assist with rescue operations such as during the aftermath of the recent earthquake in Nepal. Rail companies are evaluating how to use drones to help manage and monitor the miles of rail tracks, often in remote areas. Oil and gas companies are looking at similar usage of drones to help inspect the health of their pipeline.

Drones used at work

People are also experimenting with drones for inside work environments, such as assistants for distributing objects in logistics centers, or for helping to better manage warehouse/inventory. In the waste industry, drones present a promising alternative to reach hard to reach areas such as some parts of the ocean. In addition, they can be used in mining operations to provide accurate measurements of mining piles so that companies can assess the financial equivalent of the pile at any given time.

Drones used for agriculture

Another very popular application of drones is in agriculture, to measure the health of crop and provide any necessary remedial actions such as additional water or fertilizer. Of course, as with any new technology, there are constraints that still need further development before we will see full scale deployments. One major constraint is regulatory. Regulations on drone usage can vary widely across different countries. Most countries require drones to be operated below a certain height, and only within visual line of sight (VLOS).

However there are some exceptions such as in Australia, where it is accepted for certain missions after rigorous risk assessment. Some countries require special permits be obtained for commercial usage of drones (you can see a comparison of regulations by country here).

Privacy is another issue that needs to be addressed, since drones can unknowingly collect unauthorized data or unpermitted recordings. Health and safety considerations are also paramount – whether it be the safety of the surrounding population or that of the operators. Despite these limitations, drones look like a promising technology that companies can leverage to reinvent operational processes and devise new ways to make money or reduce costs.

If this reminds you of the “Jetson’s”, don’t hold your breath, this vision may be here sooner than we think – and I, for one, am looking forward to it.

This story also appeared on the SAP Business Trends community.

For more future-focused insight on where business is headed, see The Make-for-Me Future.

Comments

Elizabeth Milne

About Elizabeth Milne

Elizabeth Milne has over 20 years of experience improving the software solutions for multi-national, multi-billion dollar organizations. Her finance career began working at Walt Disney, then Warner Bros. in the areas of financial consolidation, budgeting, and financial reporting. She subsequently moved to the software industry and has held positions including implementation consultant and manager, account executive, pre-sales consultant, solution management team at SAP, Business Objects and Cartesis. She graduated with an Executive MBA from Northwestern University’s Kellogg Graduate School of Management. In 2014 she published her first book “Accelerated Financial Closing with SAP.” She currently manages the accounting and financial close portfolio for SAP Product Marketing. You can follow her on twitter @ElizabethEMilne

How Drones Deliver The Goods Across The Enterprise [VIDEO]

Shivani Govil

shutterstock_174115991Countless sci-fi novels and Hollywood blockbusters feature futuristic worlds where flying objects are the norm.

Guess what? We are starting to see this come to life in the real world. Drones, for instance, are getting a lot of attention – what started off as a niche hobby has now grown into a multi-billion dollar market for both consumer and commercial use.

Recent advances in drone technology combined with the ability to capture, analyze, and act upon large volumes of data make it possible to do a lot more today than ever before. According to a study by the Teal Group Corp, the spending on drones will nearly double by 2024 to about $11.4 billion (compared to about $6.4B in 2014). Large enterprises are moving quickly to evaluate how they can use such technologies.

In my discussions with people across different industries, I was surprised to discover that much of what I thought was theoretical/visionary is actually technology that people have started to test with small pilots (no pun intended). Recently I conducted a workshop with some customers, where we came up with almost 100 different use cases where drones can be used in the enterprise space. These broadly revolved around the areas of quality, inspections, maintenance, manufacturing, delivery of goods, warehouse management, as well as many others.

Drones used for safety

Most people have heard about Amazon’s public experimentation with drones for the delivering of packages and now other mail order businesses want to use drones for the transportation of packets to their customers. Additionally, drones have been used in assisting with public security/ safety – for example to study dangerous areas, or even assist with rescue operations such as during the aftermath of the recent earthquake in Nepal. Rail companies are evaluating how to use drones to help manage and monitor the miles of rail tracks, often in remote areas. Oil and gas companies are looking at similar usage of drones to help inspect the health of their pipeline.

Drones used at work

People are also experimenting with drones for inside work environments, such as assistants for distributing objects in logistics centers, or for helping to better manage warehouse/inventory. In the waste industry, drones present a promising alternative to reach hard to reach areas such as some parts of the ocean. In addition, they can be used in mining operations to provide accurate measurements of mining piles so that companies can assess the financial equivalent of the pile at any given time.

Drones used for agriculture

Another very popular application of drones is in agriculture, to measure the health of crop and provide any necessary remedial actions such as additional water or fertilizer. Of course, as with any new technology, there are constraints that still need further development before we will see full scale deployments. One major constraint is regulatory. Regulations on drone usage can vary widely across different countries. Most countries require drones to be operated below a certain height, and only within visual line of sight (VLOS).

However there are some exceptions such as in Australia, where it is accepted for certain missions after rigorous risk assessment. Some countries require special permits be obtained for commercial usage of drones (you can see a comparison of regulations by country here).

Privacy is another issue that needs to be addressed, since drones can unknowingly collect unauthorized data or unpermitted recordings. Health and safety considerations are also paramount – whether it be the safety of the surrounding population or that of the operators. Despite these limitations, drones look like a promising technology that companies can leverage to reinvent operational processes and devise new ways to make money or reduce costs.

If this reminds you of the “Jetson’s”, don’t hold your breath, this vision may be here sooner than we think – and I, for one, am looking forward to it.

This story also appeared on the SAP Business Trends community.

For more future-focused insight on where business is headed, see The Make-for-Me Future.

Comments

Johannes Papst

About Johannes Papst

Johannes Papst, solution manager for SAP, focuses on aligning SAP solutions with today´s business needs especially in the Industrial Machinery and Components Industry. He has over 20 years of experience with software for the discrete manufacturing industry. His main area of focus is manufacturing processes and working will small and medium businesses.

How Drones Deliver The Goods Across The Enterprise [VIDEO]

Shivani Govil

shutterstock_174115991Countless sci-fi novels and Hollywood blockbusters feature futuristic worlds where flying objects are the norm.

Guess what? We are starting to see this come to life in the real world. Drones, for instance, are getting a lot of attention – what started off as a niche hobby has now grown into a multi-billion dollar market for both consumer and commercial use.

Recent advances in drone technology combined with the ability to capture, analyze, and act upon large volumes of data make it possible to do a lot more today than ever before. According to a study by the Teal Group Corp, the spending on drones will nearly double by 2024 to about $11.4 billion (compared to about $6.4B in 2014). Large enterprises are moving quickly to evaluate how they can use such technologies.

In my discussions with people across different industries, I was surprised to discover that much of what I thought was theoretical/visionary is actually technology that people have started to test with small pilots (no pun intended). Recently I conducted a workshop with some customers, where we came up with almost 100 different use cases where drones can be used in the enterprise space. These broadly revolved around the areas of quality, inspections, maintenance, manufacturing, delivery of goods, warehouse management, as well as many others.

Drones used for safety

Most people have heard about Amazon’s public experimentation with drones for the delivering of packages and now other mail order businesses want to use drones for the transportation of packets to their customers. Additionally, drones have been used in assisting with public security/ safety – for example to study dangerous areas, or even assist with rescue operations such as during the aftermath of the recent earthquake in Nepal. Rail companies are evaluating how to use drones to help manage and monitor the miles of rail tracks, often in remote areas. Oil and gas companies are looking at similar usage of drones to help inspect the health of their pipeline.

Drones used at work

People are also experimenting with drones for inside work environments, such as assistants for distributing objects in logistics centers, or for helping to better manage warehouse/inventory. In the waste industry, drones present a promising alternative to reach hard to reach areas such as some parts of the ocean. In addition, they can be used in mining operations to provide accurate measurements of mining piles so that companies can assess the financial equivalent of the pile at any given time.

Drones used for agriculture

Another very popular application of drones is in agriculture, to measure the health of crop and provide any necessary remedial actions such as additional water or fertilizer. Of course, as with any new technology, there are constraints that still need further development before we will see full scale deployments. One major constraint is regulatory. Regulations on drone usage can vary widely across different countries. Most countries require drones to be operated below a certain height, and only within visual line of sight (VLOS).

However there are some exceptions such as in Australia, where it is accepted for certain missions after rigorous risk assessment. Some countries require special permits be obtained for commercial usage of drones (you can see a comparison of regulations by country here).

Privacy is another issue that needs to be addressed, since drones can unknowingly collect unauthorized data or unpermitted recordings. Health and safety considerations are also paramount – whether it be the safety of the surrounding population or that of the operators. Despite these limitations, drones look like a promising technology that companies can leverage to reinvent operational processes and devise new ways to make money or reduce costs.

If this reminds you of the “Jetson’s”, don’t hold your breath, this vision may be here sooner than we think – and I, for one, am looking forward to it.

This story also appeared on the SAP Business Trends community.

For more future-focused insight on where business is headed, see The Make-for-Me Future.

Comments

Falk Rieker

About Falk Rieker

Falk Rieker, Global Vice President and Global Head of the Banking Business Unit at SAP, is a senior level financial services professional and SAP veteran with over 20 years’ experience. He is responsible for leading the SAP banking solution strategy and connecting bankers with the technology they need to succeed in today´s workplace. As a thought leader in the banking space, Falk frequently speaks at international banking conferences and has been published and quoted in leading industry publications like Forbes, American Banker, IDG and Wall Street and Technology. Follow Falk on Twitter (@FalkRieker), LinkedIn, Youtube, and Instagram.

How Drones Deliver The Goods Across The Enterprise [VIDEO]

Shivani Govil

shutterstock_174115991Countless sci-fi novels and Hollywood blockbusters feature futuristic worlds where flying objects are the norm.

Guess what? We are starting to see this come to life in the real world. Drones, for instance, are getting a lot of attention – what started off as a niche hobby has now grown into a multi-billion dollar market for both consumer and commercial use.

Recent advances in drone technology combined with the ability to capture, analyze, and act upon large volumes of data make it possible to do a lot more today than ever before. According to a study by the Teal Group Corp, the spending on drones will nearly double by 2024 to about $11.4 billion (compared to about $6.4B in 2014). Large enterprises are moving quickly to evaluate how they can use such technologies.

In my discussions with people across different industries, I was surprised to discover that much of what I thought was theoretical/visionary is actually technology that people have started to test with small pilots (no pun intended). Recently I conducted a workshop with some customers, where we came up with almost 100 different use cases where drones can be used in the enterprise space. These broadly revolved around the areas of quality, inspections, maintenance, manufacturing, delivery of goods, warehouse management, as well as many others.

Drones used for safety

Most people have heard about Amazon’s public experimentation with drones for the delivering of packages and now other mail order businesses want to use drones for the transportation of packets to their customers. Additionally, drones have been used in assisting with public security/ safety – for example to study dangerous areas, or even assist with rescue operations such as during the aftermath of the recent earthquake in Nepal. Rail companies are evaluating how to use drones to help manage and monitor the miles of rail tracks, often in remote areas. Oil and gas companies are looking at similar usage of drones to help inspect the health of their pipeline.

Drones used at work

People are also experimenting with drones for inside work environments, such as assistants for distributing objects in logistics centers, or for helping to better manage warehouse/inventory. In the waste industry, drones present a promising alternative to reach hard to reach areas such as some parts of the ocean. In addition, they can be used in mining operations to provide accurate measurements of mining piles so that companies can assess the financial equivalent of the pile at any given time.

Drones used for agriculture

Another very popular application of drones is in agriculture, to measure the health of crop and provide any necessary remedial actions such as additional water or fertilizer. Of course, as with any new technology, there are constraints that still need further development before we will see full scale deployments. One major constraint is regulatory. Regulations on drone usage can vary widely across different countries. Most countries require drones to be operated below a certain height, and only within visual line of sight (VLOS).

However there are some exceptions such as in Australia, where it is accepted for certain missions after rigorous risk assessment. Some countries require special permits be obtained for commercial usage of drones (you can see a comparison of regulations by country here).

Privacy is another issue that needs to be addressed, since drones can unknowingly collect unauthorized data or unpermitted recordings. Health and safety considerations are also paramount – whether it be the safety of the surrounding population or that of the operators. Despite these limitations, drones look like a promising technology that companies can leverage to reinvent operational processes and devise new ways to make money or reduce costs.

If this reminds you of the “Jetson’s”, don’t hold your breath, this vision may be here sooner than we think – and I, for one, am looking forward to it.

This story also appeared on the SAP Business Trends community.

For more future-focused insight on where business is headed, see The Make-for-Me Future.

Comments

Hu Yoshida

About Hu Yoshida

Hu Yoshida is responsible for defining the technical direction of Hitachi Data Systems. Currently, he leads the company's effort to help customers address data life cycle requirements and resolve compliance, governance and operational risk issues. He was instrumental in evangelizing the unique Hitachi approach to storage virtualization, which leveraged existing storage services within Hitachi Universal Storage Platform® and extended it to externally-attached, heterogeneous storage systems. Yoshida is well-known within the storage industry, and his blog has ranked among the "top 10 most influential" within the storage industry as evaluated by Network World. In October of 2006, Byte and Switch named him one of Storage Networking’s Heaviest Hitters and in 2013 he was named one of the "Ten Most Impactful Tech Leaders" by Information Week.

How Drones Deliver The Goods Across The Enterprise [VIDEO]

Shivani Govil

shutterstock_174115991Countless sci-fi novels and Hollywood blockbusters feature futuristic worlds where flying objects are the norm.

Guess what? We are starting to see this come to life in the real world. Drones, for instance, are getting a lot of attention – what started off as a niche hobby has now grown into a multi-billion dollar market for both consumer and commercial use.

Recent advances in drone technology combined with the ability to capture, analyze, and act upon large volumes of data make it possible to do a lot more today than ever before. According to a study by the Teal Group Corp, the spending on drones will nearly double by 2024 to about $11.4 billion (compared to about $6.4B in 2014). Large enterprises are moving quickly to evaluate how they can use such technologies.

In my discussions with people across different industries, I was surprised to discover that much of what I thought was theoretical/visionary is actually technology that people have started to test with small pilots (no pun intended). Recently I conducted a workshop with some customers, where we came up with almost 100 different use cases where drones can be used in the enterprise space. These broadly revolved around the areas of quality, inspections, maintenance, manufacturing, delivery of goods, warehouse management, as well as many others.

Drones used for safety

Most people have heard about Amazon’s public experimentation with drones for the delivering of packages and now other mail order businesses want to use drones for the transportation of packets to their customers. Additionally, drones have been used in assisting with public security/ safety – for example to study dangerous areas, or even assist with rescue operations such as during the aftermath of the recent earthquake in Nepal. Rail companies are evaluating how to use drones to help manage and monitor the miles of rail tracks, often in remote areas. Oil and gas companies are looking at similar usage of drones to help inspect the health of their pipeline.

Drones used at work

People are also experimenting with drones for inside work environments, such as assistants for distributing objects in logistics centers, or for helping to better manage warehouse/inventory. In the waste industry, drones present a promising alternative to reach hard to reach areas such as some parts of the ocean. In addition, they can be used in mining operations to provide accurate measurements of mining piles so that companies can assess the financial equivalent of the pile at any given time.

Drones used for agriculture

Another very popular application of drones is in agriculture, to measure the health of crop and provide any necessary remedial actions such as additional water or fertilizer. Of course, as with any new technology, there are constraints that still need further development before we will see full scale deployments. One major constraint is regulatory. Regulations on drone usage can vary widely across different countries. Most countries require drones to be operated below a certain height, and only within visual line of sight (VLOS).

However there are some exceptions such as in Australia, where it is accepted for certain missions after rigorous risk assessment. Some countries require special permits be obtained for commercial usage of drones (you can see a comparison of regulations by country here).

Privacy is another issue that needs to be addressed, since drones can unknowingly collect unauthorized data or unpermitted recordings. Health and safety considerations are also paramount – whether it be the safety of the surrounding population or that of the operators. Despite these limitations, drones look like a promising technology that companies can leverage to reinvent operational processes and devise new ways to make money or reduce costs.

If this reminds you of the “Jetson’s”, don’t hold your breath, this vision may be here sooner than we think – and I, for one, am looking forward to it.

This story also appeared on the SAP Business Trends community.

For more future-focused insight on where business is headed, see The Make-for-Me Future.

Comments

The Blockchain Solution

By Gil Perez, Tom Raftery, Hans Thalbauer, Dan Wellers, and Fawn Fitter

In 2013, several UK supermarket chains discovered that products they were selling as beef were actually made at least partly—and in some cases, entirely—from horsemeat. The resulting uproar led to a series of product recalls, prompted stricter food testing, and spurred the European food industry to take a closer look at how unlabeled or mislabeled ingredients were finding their way into the food chain.

By 2020, a scandal like this will be eminently preventable.

The separation between bovine and equine will become immutable with Internet of Things (IoT) sensors, which will track the provenance and identity of every animal from stall to store, adding the data to a blockchain that anyone can check but no one can alter.

Food processing companies will be able to use that blockchain to confirm and label the contents of their products accordingly—down to the specific farms and animals represented in every individual package. That level of detail may be too much information for shoppers, but they will at least be able to trust that their meatballs come from the appropriate species.

The Spine of Digitalization

Keeping food safer and more traceable is just the beginning, however. Improvements in the supply chain, which have been incremental for decades despite billions of dollars of technology investments, are about to go exponential. Emerging technologies are converging to transform the supply chain from tactical to strategic, from an easily replicable commodity to a new source of competitive differentiation.

You may already be thinking about how to take advantage of blockchain technology, which makes data and transactions immutable, transparent, and verifiable (see “What Is Blockchain and How Does It Work?”). That will be a powerful tool to boost supply chain speed and efficiency—always a worthy goal, but hardly a disruptive one.

However, if you think of blockchain as the spine of digitalization and technologies such as AI, the IoT, 3D printing, autonomous vehicles, and drones as the limbs, you have a powerful supply chain body that can leapfrog ahead of its competition.

What Is Blockchain and How Does It Work?

Here’s why blockchain technology is critical to transforming the supply chain.

Blockchain is essentially a sequential, distributed ledger of transactions that is constantly updated on a global network of computers. The ownership and history of a transaction is embedded in the blockchain at the transaction’s earliest stages and verified at every subsequent stage.

A blockchain network uses vast amounts of computing power to encrypt the ledger as it’s being written. This makes it possible for every computer in the network to verify the transactions safely and transparently. The more organizations that participate in the ledger, the more complex and secure the encryption becomes, making it increasingly tamperproof.

Why does blockchain matter for the supply chain?

  • It enables the safe exchange of value without a central verifying partner, which makes transactions faster and less expensive.
  • It dramatically simplifies recordkeeping by establishing a single, authoritative view of the truth across all parties.
  • It builds a secure, immutable history and chain of custody as different parties handle the items being shipped, and it updates the relevant documentation.
  • By doing these things, blockchain allows companies to create smart contracts based on programmable business logic, which can execute themselves autonomously and thereby save time and money by reducing friction and intermediaries.

Hints of the Future

In the mid-1990s, when the World Wide Web was in its infancy, we had no idea that the internet would become so large and pervasive, nor that we’d find a way to carry it all in our pockets on small slabs of glass.

But we could tell that it had vast potential.

Today, with the combination of emerging technologies that promise to turbocharge digital transformation, we’re just beginning to see how we might turn the supply chain into a source of competitive advantage (see “What’s the Magic Combination?”).

What’s the Magic Combination?

Those who focus on blockchain in isolation will miss out on a much bigger supply chain opportunity.

Many experts believe emerging technologies will work with blockchain to digitalize the supply chain and create new business models:

  • Blockchain will provide the foundation of automated trust for all parties in the supply chain.
  • The IoT will link objects—from tiny devices to large machines—and generate data about status, locations, and transactions that will be recorded on the blockchain.
  • 3D printing will extend the supply chain to the customer’s doorstep with hyperlocal manufacturing of parts and products with IoT sensors built into the items and/or their packaging. Every manufactured object will be smart, connected, and able to communicate so that it can be tracked and traced as needed.
  • Big Data management tools will process all the information streaming in around the clock from IoT sensors.
  • AI and machine learning will analyze this enormous amount of data to reveal patterns and enable true predictability in every area of the supply chain.

Combining these technologies with powerful analytics tools to predict trends will make lack of visibility into the supply chain a thing of the past. Organizations will be able to examine a single machine across its entire lifecycle and identify areas where they can improve performance and increase return on investment. They’ll be able to follow and monitor every component of a product, from design through delivery and service. They’ll be able to trigger and track automated actions between and among partners and customers to provide customized transactions in real time based on real data.

After decades of talk about markets of one, companies will finally have the power to create them—at scale and profitably.

Amazon, for example, is becoming as much a logistics company as a retailer. Its ordering and delivery systems are so streamlined that its customers can launch and complete a same-day transaction with a push of a single IP-enabled button or a word to its ever-attentive AI device, Alexa. And this level of experimentation and innovation is bubbling up across industries.

Consider manufacturing, where the IoT is transforming automation inside already highly automated factories. Machine-to-machine communication is enabling robots to set up, provision, and unload equipment quickly and accurately with minimal human intervention. Meanwhile, sensors across the factory floor are already capable of gathering such information as how often each machine needs maintenance or how much raw material to order given current production trends.

Once they harvest enough data, businesses will be able to feed it through machine learning algorithms to identify trends that forecast future outcomes. At that point, the supply chain will start to become both automated and predictive. We’ll begin to see business models that include proactively scheduling maintenance, replacing parts just before they’re likely to break, and automatically ordering materials and initiating customer shipments.

Italian train operator Trenitalia, for example, has put IoT sensors on its locomotives and passenger cars and is using analytics and in-memory computing to gauge the health of its trains in real time, according to an article in Computer Weekly. “It is now possible to affordably collect huge amounts of data from hundreds of sensors in a single train, analyse that data in real time and detect problems before they actually happen,” Trenitalia’s CIO Danilo Gismondi told Computer Weekly.

Blockchain allows all the critical steps of the supply chain to go electronic and become irrefutably verifiable by all the critical parties within minutes: the seller and buyer, banks, logistics carriers, and import and export officials.

The project, which is scheduled to be completed in 2018, will change Trenitalia’s business model, allowing it to schedule more trips and make each one more profitable. The railway company will be able to better plan parts inventories and determine which lines are consistently performing poorly and need upgrades. The new system will save €100 million a year, according to ARC Advisory Group.

New business models continue to evolve as 3D printers become more sophisticated and affordable, making it possible to move the end of the supply chain closer to the customer. Companies can design parts and products in materials ranging from carbon fiber to chocolate and then print those items in their warehouse, at a conveniently located third-party vendor, or even on the client’s premises.

In addition to minimizing their shipping expenses and reducing fulfillment time, companies will be able to offer more personalized or customized items affordably in small quantities. For example, clothing retailer Ministry of Supply recently installed a 3D printer at its Boston store that enables it to make an article of clothing to a customer’s specifications in under 90 minutes, according to an article in Forbes.

This kind of highly distributed manufacturing has potential across many industries. It could even create a market for secure manufacturing for highly regulated sectors, allowing a manufacturer to transmit encrypted templates to printers in tightly protected locations, for example.

Meanwhile, organizations are investigating ways of using blockchain technology to authenticate, track and trace, automate, and otherwise manage transactions and interactions, both internally and within their vendor and customer networks. The ability to collect data, record it on the blockchain for immediate verification, and make that trustworthy data available for any application delivers indisputable value in any business context. The supply chain will be no exception.

Blockchain Is the Change Driver

The supply chain is configured as we know it today because it’s impossible to create a contract that accounts for every possible contingency. Consider cross-border financial transfers, which are so complex and must meet so many regulations that they require a tremendous number of intermediaries to plug the gaps: lawyers, accountants, customer service reps, warehouse operators, bankers, and more. By reducing that complexity, blockchain technology makes intermediaries less necessary—a transformation that is revolutionary even when measured only in cost savings.

“If you’re selling 100 items a minute, 24 hours a day, reducing the cost of the supply chain by just $1 per item saves you more than $52.5 million a year,” notes Dirk Lonser, SAP go-to-market leader at DXC Technology, an IT services company. “By replacing manual processes and multiple peer-to-peer connections through fax or e-mail with a single medium where everyone can exchange verified information instantaneously, blockchain will boost profit margins exponentially without raising prices or even increasing individual productivity.”

But the potential for blockchain extends far beyond cost cutting and streamlining, says Irfan Khan, CEO of supply chain management consulting and systems integration firm Bristlecone, a Mahindra Group company. It will give companies ways to differentiate.

“Blockchain will let enterprises more accurately trace faulty parts or products from end users back to factories for recalls,” Khan says. “It will streamline supplier onboarding, contracting, and management by creating an integrated platform that the company’s entire network can access in real time. It will give vendors secure, transparent visibility into inventory 24×7. And at a time when counterfeiting is a real concern in multiple industries, it will make it easy for both retailers and customers to check product authenticity.”

Blockchain allows all the critical steps of the supply chain to go electronic and become irrefutably verifiable by all the critical parties within minutes: the seller and buyer, banks, logistics carriers, and import and export officials. Although the key parts of the process remain the same as in today’s analog supply chain, performing them electronically with blockchain technology shortens each stage from hours or days to seconds while eliminating reams of wasteful paperwork. With goods moving that quickly, companies have ample room for designing new business models around manufacturing, service, and delivery.

Challenges on the Path to Adoption

For all this to work, however, the data on the blockchain must be correct from the beginning. The pills, produce, or parts on the delivery truck need to be the same as the items listed on the manifest at the loading dock. Every use case assumes that the data is accurate—and that will only happen when everything that’s manufactured is smart, connected, and able to self-verify automatically with the help of machine learning tuned to detect errors and potential fraud.

Companies are already seeing the possibilities of applying this bundle of emerging technologies to the supply chain. IDC projects that by 2021, at least 25% of Forbes Global 2000 (G2000) companies will use blockchain services as a foundation for digital trust at scale; 30% of top global manufacturers and retailers will do so by 2020. IDC also predicts that by 2020, up to 10% of pilot and production blockchain-distributed ledgers will incorporate data from IoT sensors.

Despite IDC’s optimism, though, the biggest barrier to adoption is the early stage level of enterprise use cases, particularly around blockchain. Currently, the sole significant enterprise blockchain production system is the virtual currency Bitcoin, which has unfortunately been tainted by its associations with speculation, dubious financial transactions, and the so-called dark web.

The technology is still in a sufficiently early stage that there’s significant uncertainty about its ability to handle the massive amounts of data a global enterprise supply chain generates daily. Never mind that it’s completely unregulated, with no global standard. There’s also a critical global shortage of experts who can explain emerging technologies like blockchain, the IoT, and machine learning to nontechnology industries and educate organizations in how the technologies can improve their supply chain processes. Finally, there is concern about how blockchain’s complex algorithms gobble computing power—and electricity (see “Blockchain Blackouts”).

Blockchain Blackouts

Blockchain is a power glutton. Can technology mediate the issue?

A major concern today is the enormous carbon footprint of the networks creating and solving the algorithmic problems that keep blockchains secure. Although virtual currency enthusiasts claim the problem is overstated, Michael Reed, head of blockchain technology for Intel, has been widely quoted as saying that the energy demands of blockchains are a significant drain on the world’s electricity resources.

Indeed, Wired magazine has estimated that by July 2019, the Bitcoin network alone will require more energy than the entire United States currently uses and that by February 2020 it will use as much electricity as the entire world does today.

Still, computing power is becoming more energy efficient by the day and sticking with paperwork will become too slow, so experts—Intel’s Reed among them—consider this a solvable problem.

“We don’t know yet what the market will adopt. In a decade, it might be status quo or best practice, or it could be the next Betamax, a great technology for which there was no demand,” Lonser says. “Even highly regulated industries that need greater transparency in the entire supply chain are moving fairly slowly.”

Blockchain will require acceptance by a critical mass of companies, governments, and other organizations before it displaces paper documentation. It’s a chicken-and-egg issue: multiple companies need to adopt these technologies at the same time so they can build a blockchain to exchange information, yet getting multiple companies to do anything simultaneously is a challenge. Some early initiatives are already underway, though:

  • A London-based startup called Everledger is using blockchain and IoT technology to track the provenance, ownership, and lifecycles of valuable assets. The company began by tracking diamonds from mine to jewelry using roughly 200 different characteristics, with a goal of stopping both the demand for and the supply of “conflict diamonds”—diamonds mined in war zones and sold to finance insurgencies. It has since expanded to cover wine, artwork, and other high-value items to prevent fraud and verify authenticity.
  • In September 2017, SAP announced the creation of its SAP Leonardo Blockchain Co-Innovation program, a group of 27 enterprise customers interested in co-innovating around blockchain and creating business buy-in. The diverse group of participants includes management and technology services companies Capgemini and Deloitte, cosmetics company Natura Cosméticos S.A., and Moog Inc., a manufacturer of precision motion control systems.
  • Two of Europe’s largest shipping ports—Rotterdam and Antwerp—are working on blockchain projects to streamline interaction with port customers. The Antwerp terminal authority says eliminating paperwork could cut the costs of container transport by as much as 50%.
  • The Chinese online shopping behemoth Alibaba is experimenting with blockchain to verify the authenticity of food products and catch counterfeits before they endanger people’s health and lives.
  • Technology and transportation executives have teamed up to create the Blockchain in Transport Alliance (BiTA), a forum for developing blockchain standards and education for the freight industry.

It’s likely that the first blockchain-based enterprise supply chain use case will emerge in the next year among companies that see it as an opportunity to bolster their legal compliance and improve business processes. Once that happens, expect others to follow.

Customers Will Expect Change

It’s only a matter of time before the supply chain becomes a competitive driver. The question for today’s enterprises is how to prepare for the shift. Customers are going to expect constant, granular visibility into their transactions and faster, more customized service every step of the way. Organizations will need to be ready to meet those expectations.

If organizations have manual business processes that could never be automated before, now is the time to see if it’s possible. Organizations that have made initial investments in emerging technologies are looking at how their pilot projects are paying off and where they might extend to the supply chain. They are starting to think creatively about how to combine technologies to offer a product, service, or business model not possible before.

A manufacturer will load a self-driving truck with a 3D printer capable of creating a customer’s ordered item en route to delivering it. A vendor will capture the market for a socially responsible product by allowing its customers to track the product’s production and verify that none of its subcontractors use slave labor. And a supermarket chain will win over customers by persuading them that their choice of supermarket is also a choice between being certain of what’s in their food and simply hoping that what’s on the label matches what’s inside.

At that point, a smart supply chain won’t just be a competitive edge. It will become a competitive necessity. D!


About the Authors

Gil Perez is Senior Vice President, Internet of Things and Digital Supply Chain, at SAP.

Tom Raftery is Global Vice President, Futurist, and Internet of Things Evangelist, at SAP.

Hans Thalbauer is Senior Vice President, Internet of Things and Digital Supply Chain, at SAP.

Dan Wellers is Global Lead, Digital Futures, at SAP.

Fawn Fitter is a freelance writer specializing in business and technology.

Read more thought provoking articles in the latest issue of the Digitalist Magazine, Executive Quarterly.

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Four Retail Technology Trends To Take Off In 2018

Shaily Kumar

Over the past few years, technology has seen a significant shift from cyclical, invention-led spending on point solutions to investments targeting customer-driven, end-to-end value. The next wave of disruption and productivity improvements is here, which means a huge opportunity for digital-focused enterprises – if you are following the right roadmap.

Technology trends have significant potential over the next few years. Establishing a digital platform will not only set the stage for business innovation to provide competitive advantage, but it will also create new business models that will change the way we do business. Technology trends in 2018 will lay the foundation for the maturity of innovative technologies like artificial intelligence and machine learning and will prepare both businesses and shoppers to be ready for their consumption.

Like any other industry, retail is being disrupted. It is no longer enough to simply stock racks with alluring products and wait for customers to rush through the door. Technological innovation is changing the way we shop. Customers can find the lowest price for any product with just a few screen touches. They can read online reviews, have products sent to their home, try them, and return anything they don’t want – all for little or nothing out of pocket. If there are problems, they can use social networks to call out brands that come up short.

Retailers are making their products accessible from websites and mobile applications, with many running effective Internet business operations rather than brick-and-mortar stores. They convey merchandise to the customer’s front entry and are set up with web-based networking media if things turn out badly.

Smart retailers are striving to fulfill changing customer needs and working to guarantee top customer service regardless of how their customer interacts with them.

2017 saw the development of some progressive technology in retail, and 2018 will be another energizing year for the retail industry. Today’s informed customers expect a more engaging shopping experience, with a consistent mix of both online and in-store recommendations. The retail experience is poised to prosper throughout next couple of years – for retailers that are prepared to embrace technology.

Here are four areas of retail technology I predict will take off in 2018:

In-store GPS-driven shopping trolleys

Supermarkets like Tesco and Sainsbury’s now enable their customers to scan and pay for products using a mobile app instead of waiting in a checkout line. The next phase of this involves intelligent shopping trolleys, or grocery store GPS: Customers use a touch screen to load shopping lists, and the system helps them find the items in the store. Customers can then check off and pay for items as they go, directly on-screen. These shopping trolleys will make their way into stores around the last quarter of 2018.

Electronic rack edge names

Electronic rack edge names are not yet broadly utilized, but this could change in 2018 as more retailers adopt this technology. Currently, retail workers must physically select and update printed labels to reflect changes in price, promotions, etc. This technology makes the process more efficient by handling such changes electronically.

Reference point technology

Despite the fact that it’s been around since 2013, reference point technology hasn’t yet been utilized to its fullest potential. In the last few years, however, it’s started to pick up in industries like retail. It’s now being used by a few retailers for area-based promotions.

Some interesting uses I’ve observed: Retailers can send messages to customers when they’re nearby a store location, and in-store mannequins can offer information about the clothing and accessories they’re wearing. I anticipate that this innovation will take off throughout 2018 and into 2019.

Machine intelligence

The technological innovations describe above will also provide retailers with new data streams. These data sources, when merged with existing customer data, online, and ERP data, will lead to new opportunities. Recently Walmart announced it would begin utilizing rack examining robots to help review its stores. The machines will check stock, prices, and even help settle lost inventory. It will also help retailers learn more about changing customer behavior in real time, which will boost engagement.

Clearly, technology and digital transformation in retail have changed the way we live and shop. 2018 will see emerging technologies like machine learning and artificial intelligence using structured and unstructured data to deliver innovation. As technology develops, it will continue to transform and enhance the retail experience.

For more insight on e-commerce, see Cognitive Commerce In The Digital World: Enhancing The Customer Journey.

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Shaily Kumar

About Shaily Kumar

Shailendra has been on a quest to help organisations make money out of data and has generated an incremental value of over one billion dollars through analytics and cognitive processes. With a global experience of more than two decades, Shailendra has worked with a myriad of Corporations, Consulting Services and Software Companies in various industries like Retail, Telecommunications, Financial Services and Travel - to help them realise incremental value hidden in zettabytes of data. He has published multiple articles in international journals about Analytics and Cognitive Solutions; and recently published “Making Money out of Data” which showcases five business stories from various industries on how successful companies make millions of dollars in incremental value using analytics. Prior to joining SAP, Shailendra was Partner / Analytics & Cognitive Leader, Asia at IBM where he drove the cognitive business across Asia. Before joining IBM, he was the Managing Director and Analytics Lead at Accenture delivering value to its clients across Australia and New Zealand. Coming from the industry, Shailendra held key Executive positions driving analytics at Woolworths and Coles in the past.